Delirium Differential Diagnosis – I WATCH DEATH

  • Infectious (encephalitis, meningitis, UTI, pneumonia)
  • Withdrawal (alcohol, barbiturates, benzodiazepines)
  • Acute metabolic disorder (electrolyte imbalance, hepatic or renal failure)
  • Trauma (head injury, postoperative)
  • CNS pathology (stroke, hemorrhage, tumour, seizure disorder, Parkinson’s)
  • Hypoxia (anemia, cardiac failure, pulmonary embolus)
  • Deficiencies (vitamin B 12 , folic acid, thiamine)
  • Endocrinopathies (thyroid, glucose, parathyroid, adrenal)
  • Acute vascular (shock, vasculitis, hypertensive encephalopathy)
  • Toxins, substance use, medication (alcohol, anesthetics, anticholinergics, narcotics)
  • Heavy metals (arsenic, lead, mercury)


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